02-December-2021

Government of the Sudan Proposal for the Resolution of Pending Security Issues

By: Ahmed Alhaj (Site Admin)


Addis Ababa, (sudanow.info.sd)-  The GoS continues to implement the requirements of the UNSC Resolution 2046,  which embodies reference to a number of   agreements  including in particular the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) ,the 29th June 2011 Agreement , the 30th July 2011 Agreement , the 10th February 2012 Agreement  and the 13th March 2012 Agreement.  The GoS is fully committed to these Agreements signed by the two parties and considers them the sole reference for all security issues as embodied in the UNSC Resolution 2046.



  1. The full implementation of the security arrangements depend on the endorsement and use of the 1/1/1956 map that has been used since the signing  of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement  (CPA) 2005 and during the interim period for the implementation of all the commitments  of  the two parties of the CPA for the redeployment of the forces of the two parties and power and wealth sharing. This map has been used by UN Missions (UNMIS , UNAMID& UNMISS). It has been used for the conduct of the elections and referendum, and has been the basis for recognition by GoS of South Sudan. It has to  be used as a temporary map for the delineation of the Zero line of the SDBZ pending the final demarcation  of the common joint border between the two states.



 


  • Attached GoS submission to the AUHIP ,AUPSC and UNSC on the AUHIP map stating the reservation of GoS on the sector of the 14 miles area South of Bahar –elarab, while accepting the rest of the map except for the 14 miles area



  • Commitment to immediate cessation of hostilities:


    1. The two parties commit to the immediate cessation of hostilities between the two countries in compliance with UNSC Resolution and the Roadmap of AUPSC and in accordance with the document  endorsed by the parties for the definition of hostilities , signed 23June 2012 , which affirmed the right of self defense to each state in accordance with international law. GoS reaffirms its commitment to immediate cessation of hostilities



    Commitment to unconditional withdrawal of the armed forces to their sides of the border:


    1. The two parties commit to the immediate unconditional withdrawal of the armed forces to their sides of the border in accordance with the roadmap of the AUPSC and UNSC Resolution 2046 .


    2. As stipulated in the AU-PSC decision and UNSC Resolution 2046 on the immediate and unconditional withdrawal,  GoS  demands the immediate and unconditional withdrawal of GoRSS  forces from  territories it currently occupies north of 1-1-1956 border line.These are ( the 14 Miles area, Samaha in East Darfur, parts of Lake Abiad, Bahr el Arab station and  South of Mairam in South Kordofan).



    Commitment to cessation of harboring of , support to, or use of rebels and armed groups:


    1. The two parties declared their commitment to cessation of harboring, support to, or use of rebels and negative groups   against the other state. The Government of the Sudan believes that the parties should renew this commitment.


    2. The GoS proposes the following to resolve the issue of  harboring of , support to and use of armed groups and rebels against each other:


    3. The two parties shall commit to frankness, transparency, and clarity when discussing the issues and to a determined political will to address it.


    4. The parties to firmly commit not to harbor of, support to and use of armed groups and rebels against each other.


    5. The two parties shall agree to carry the following practical arrangements:


    6. Disarming movements, armed groups, rebels and negative forces against the other state and to be moved away to a distance not less than 50 Km of the SDBZ in preparation to any other options  of transferring them to refugee camps  or directly transporting them  to their respective  country.


    7. Monitoring the implementation and verification by JVBMM and the Ad-hoc Committee or any other agreed mechanism, each within its mandate.


    8. In the event of the attempt to infiltrate by groups or rebel movements or other armed groups of these, the concerned country shall disarm them and keep them in refugee camps, and to enable the other party to visit the camps in accordance with international law.   


    9. Each party renders available assistance to the other party in reconciling the situations of the movements, armed groups, rebels and negative forces, if requested by the other party.



     Cessation of support to the combatants in the two areas of South Kordofan and Blue Nile and disengagement between them and the GoRSS.


    • The following is required of GoRSS:


    • The immediate cessation of support to elements of the nationals of South Kordofan and Blue Nile.


    • The disengagement of the GoRSS from the 9th and 10th divisions .


    • To end the presence  and the demoblisation of all elements of Sudanese origin ( nationals of Blue Nile , South kordofan , Darfur, Misseria, Rezegat and or any other tribe), and striking them off  the list of the force.


    • To settle the financial entitlements of the demobilized.



     Other commitments


    1. In pursuance of confidence building between the two states and to avoid any difficulties that could negatively affect the relations between the two, the two parties commit to the following:


    2. The two countries shall refrain from recruiting the nationals of the other state including those granted the nationality in the armed forces and other regular forces.



    b- The two parties shall demobilize all the nationals of the other state in the armed forces and other regular forces of each state and handing over lists of their names to the other state.

    c-  The freeing of prisoners and detainees between the two states.

    d- To enable the two parties to verify the conclusion of the measures above.

    Commitment to implement the Safe Demilitarized  Border Zone (SDBZ) and activation of the JVBMM:


    1.  The SDBZ shall be established 10 km north and south of the Zero line, as stipulated in the 29 June 2011, and 30th July 2011 Agreements respectively.


    2. Redeployment of JVBMM mechanisms in their positions as agreed upon in  the 30 July  2011 Agreement  and  in   the first meeting of the JPSM  ( In Tharjath , Renk, Awel ,Raja) and to conduct their functions  subsequent after the determination  of the timeline by the JPSM.      



    The Border Corridors:


    1. The two parties shall establish, open and administer the ten border corridors in accordance with the agreement reached between the parties at the first meeting of the JPSM, and this shall be subsequent to the determination of the SDBZ and the activation of the JVBMM.



    Freedom of Movement on the Joint Border:


    1. The parties commit to guarantee the freedom of movement and safety of the citizens, nomads and live stock across the joint border.



    Negotiation on the disputed areas:


    1.   The two parties commit to continue negotiating on the agreed border disputed areas.


    2. The two parties commit not to resort to use force to settle border disputes.



    End

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