Al-FASHIR, NORTH DARFUR STATE (SUDANOW) - The overall intake in the five States of Darfur in 2015 is as follows: in pre-school education it stands at 28.8%, in the basic stage at 61.9% and in secondary schools 31.7%, according to a report by the Presidency of the Republic on the achievements of the government in Darfur States.
The number of schools, at pre-school education stage, is 2028 , and in the basic school stage 3953 schools and in the secondary School stage 534 schools.
The number of teachers in pre-school education stands at 2694 teachers and the basic stage teachers are 25756 while the secondary school teachers are 6940, acceptance rate stands at 77.9%.
Education in West Darfur state:
The intake rate in West Darfur reached 19.8% in 2015 in the pre- school education, while in the basic stage it stands at 64.3% and in the secondary level it is 20.7%.
The number of pre-school institutions in West Darfur in 2015 172 kindergarten and in the basic phase of 417 schools and secondary schools 82.
The number of teachers in pre-school education in West Darfur, stands at 213 teachers, in the basic stage there are 2940 teachers and in the secondary stage, we have 572 teachers. It is to be noted here that there is a serious shortage of teachers. The overall intake rate in West Darfur State is 88%.
Education in North Darfur:
The intake rate in North Darfur state in 2015 reached 46.8%, in the pre-school education stage, against 84.8% in the basic school stage and in the secondary level it stands at 38.3%.
- The number of pre-school institutions in North Darfur in 2015, is as follows: 838 kindergarten, 1254 basic schools and 212 secondary schools
- The number of teachers in pre-school education in North Darfur state is 921 teachers, in the basic school stage their number 8583 and in the secondary stage there are 2472 teachers. It should also be noted here that there are insufficient teachers in the state
- The overall intake rate in the state of North Darfur is 96.4%
Education in Central Darfur state:
- The rate of intake in central Darfur in 2015 reached 30.3% in 2015, for the pre-school education, while for the basic stage it stands at 73% and in the secondary level at 39%.
- But one of the main challenges facing the state has been how to accommodate pupils who pass the primary school education on their way to the secondary stage education
- The number of pre-school institutions in central Darfur was, in 2004, 136 kindergarten, 304 basic school and 41secondary schools. This is because this is a newly created state
- The number of teachers in pre-school education stage in central Darfur state is 239 teachers, in the basic stage 2600 teachers and in the secondary 566 teachers
- The general intake rate in central Darfur state stands at 96.6%
Education in South Darfur:
In 2015, the school intake in South Darfur state's pre-school stage was 29.2%, in the basic stage 49.7% and in the secondary level was 35.5%
- The low percentage of absorption is due to the severe damage caused to the schools infrastructure in state by plentiful rainfall and a drop in the seating and textbooks
- The number of pre-school institutions in South Darfur state in 2015 was 695 kindergarten, 1492 primary level schools and 142 secondary stage schools
Education in East Darfur State:
- The overall intake in the state of East Darfur in 2015 was 17.7% for the pre-school education, 38.1% for the basic stage and for the secondary schools it was 25.4%.
- The number of pre-school institutions in the state in 2015 was 187 kindergarten, 486 basic schools and 57 secondary schools
- The number of teachers in pre-school education in East Darfur was 353 teachers, against 3576 teachers in the basic stage and in the secondary phase there were 783 teachers.
- The overall intake rate in the state stands at 54.8%
Comparison between the Current Education Situation in 2015, Against What it was in 1989"
The number of the kindergarten has increased from 185 in 1989 to 1834 in 2015 and the basic school and the secondary schools combined in 1989 were 1379, to increase in 2015 to 2574 school. The number of secondary schools in 1989 was never more than 18 schools, but now the number stands at 516 schools, that is an increase of 29 folds. The nomad's schools increased from 50 schools to 780 schools that are 16 times more at present.
This increase in the education institutions means an increase in the students joining the various education stages. The number of pupils in the preschool stage increased from 4625 in 1989 to 60840 in 2015. And this is clear indication and evidence that the communities are more interested in pre-school education, with the understanding that it would ensure preparedness for the formal education requirements. The number of primary school and secondary school stage pupils was 83,893 pupils in 1989, the number increased to 1,139,779 pupils in 2015. That means the increase was doubled 13 times.
The number of students did not exceed 4528 in the secondary schools, in 1989, but now their number has shot to 166 720 students, that is 36 times more. The number of pupils in nomad schools increased from 2900 to 143 611 pupils, that is they doubled 48 times.
The number of teachers:
The number of education guides in the pre-school education increased from 385 guides in 1989 to 2,694 in 2015. And the number of teachers in the primary and secondary school stage was 8400 in the year 1989; it increased to 25,756 in Basic schools in 2015. This means the number increased by at least three folds. The number of teachers did not exceed the 275 in the secondary schools in 1989, but at present they number 6940 teachers in the basic schools, that it the number increased by 24 folds.
Rate of intake in the education in pre-schools increased from 4.3% in 1989 to 29% in 2015, which means it has doubled six times since then. The intake percentage in primary school and secondary stage was 12.6% in 1989, and it rose to 49.4% in the basic stage in 2015. This showed that it is a four time increase since then. The intake in the secondary school stage did not exceed 6.4% in 1989, but now it has risen to 25.3%, which means the percentage has went four times more now.
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