KHARTOUM (Sudanow) - A high-level meeting convened by the UN Deputy Secretary-General, Ms. Amina J. Mohammed, and AU Commissioner for Peace and Security, Smaїl Chergui, on the “Transition from Peacekeeping to Peace building and Development in Darfur” has noted that the “security situation in Darfur has improved markedly” since the height of the conflict in the late 2000s.
The meeting held in New York on Friday, brought representatives of the People’s Republic of China, Côte d’Ivoire, Djibouti, Egypt, Ethiopia, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, Kazakhstan, Kuwait, Morocco, Netherlands, Poland, the Russian Federation, Sudan, Sweden, the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, and the United States of America.
The “participants noted that the security situation in Darfur has improved markedly since the height of the conflict in the late 2000s” a press release by the UN received in Khartoum said.
It pointed out, however, that despite the dramatic change in conflict dynamics, and a reduction in inter-communal violence, they called to exert further efforts to address some of the root causes of the conflict such as land and natural resource disputes, the issue of internally displaced persons’ (IDPs) return, the illegal proliferation of weapons and the threat posed by tribal disputes that may threaten lasting peace and security.
The release said participants have therefore stressed the need to support Darfur in addressing the underlying drivers of conflict and emphasized that a substantive investment in peace building, recovery, stabilization, rehabilitation and development throughout the area is critical.
The participants urged that these efforts should include women and children in forging an inclusive and sustainable peace.
The meeting, the release underlined, expressed support for the African Union Peace and Security Council communiqué of 11 June 2018 and Security Council resolution 2429 (2018) of 13 July 2018, including plans for the drawdown of the African Union - United Nations Hybrid Operation in Darfur (UNAMID) with a view to its eventual exit in 2020.
It said the participants emphasized the critical need for appropriate funding arrangements to be put in place to consolidate peace and prevent relapse into conflict.
The release said the group has expressed support for the creation of a “Group of Friends of the Transition in Darfur” and that it envisaged that the Group would accompany the transition, including ensuring the UNCT has sufficient resources for its critical work during this period and after UNAMID’s exit, to consolidate peace and prevent relapse into conflict.
“In this regard, participants also expressed support for the holding of a pledging conference to ensure sufficient funds are available to the UNCT” the release concluded.
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